Informal payments by patients in Central and Eastern Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic: an institutional perspective

Horodnic, A.V., Williams, C.C. orcid.org/0000-0002-3610-1933, Drugă, R.I. et al. (1 more author) (2021) Informal payments by patients in Central and Eastern Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic: an institutional perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (20). 10914. ISSN 1660-4601

Abstract

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Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: formal institutions; informal institutions; informal payments; public healthcare system; trust; transparency; performance
Dates:
  • Accepted: 15 October 2021
  • Published (online): 17 October 2021
  • Published: 17 October 2021
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > Sheffield University Management School
Depositing User: Symplectic Sheffield
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2021 13:21
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 13:21
Status: Published
Publisher: MDPI AG
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010914
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