The “Out-of-the-Loop” concept in automated driving: proposed definition, measures and implications

Merat, N, Seppelt, B, Louw, T et al. (13 more authors) (2019) The “Out-of-the-Loop” concept in automated driving: proposed definition, measures and implications. Cognition, Technology and Work, 21 (1). pp. 87-98. ISSN 1435-5558



Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Out of the Loop; Automated driving; Autonomous; Driver behaviour; Human factors
  • Accepted: 29 August 2018
  • Published (online): 15 September 2018
  • Published: February 2019
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds) > ITS: Safety and Technology (Leeds)
Depositing User: Symplectic Publications
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2018 15:05
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2023 21:38
Status: Published
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Identification Number: