“Tying Incumbents’ Hands”: The Effects of Election Monitoring on Electoral Outcome

Roussias, A. orcid.org/0000-0003-2900-186X and Ruiz-Rufino, R. (2018) “Tying Incumbents’ Hands”: The Effects of Election Monitoring on Electoral Outcome. Electoral Studies, 54. pp. 116-127. ISSN 0261-3794



Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in Electoral Studies. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. Article available under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-ND licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Keywords: electoral monitoring; electoral manipulation; electoral competitiveness; political competition; political regimes
  • Accepted: 11 May 2018
  • Published (online): 25 May 2018
  • Published: August 2018
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > Department of Politics and International Relations (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Symplectic Sheffield
Date Deposited: 18 May 2018 09:10
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2019 01:40
Published Version: htps://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2018.05.005
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2018.05.005