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Eddy-current loss in the rotor magnets of permanent-magnet brushless machines having a fractional number of slots per pole

Ishak, D., Zhu, Z.Q. and Howe, D. (2005) Eddy-current loss in the rotor magnets of permanent-magnet brushless machines having a fractional number of slots per pole. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 41 (9). pp. 2462-2469. ISSN 0018-9464

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Abstract

We develop an analytical model for predicting the eddy-current loss in the rotor magnets of permanent-magnet brushless machines that have a fractional number of slots per pole, when either all the teeth or only alternate teeth are wound, and in which the unwound teeth may be narrower than the wound teeth. The model enables the magnetic field distribution in the air gap and magnet regions to be determined, by neglecting the eddy-current redistribution effect and assuming that the eddy currents are resistance limited. It can account for space-harmonic magnetomotive forces (MMFs) resulting from the winding distribution and time-harmonic MMFs due to nonsinusoidal phase currents, as well as for the effect of curvature and circumferential segmentation of the magnets. We have validated the model by finite-element analysis, and used it to investigate the eddy-current loss in the magnets of three surface-mounted magnet brushless motors that have similar slot and pole numbers, and employ identical rotors but different stators, when they are operated in brushless ac (BLAC) and dc (BLDC) modes. We show that the stator winding configuration, as well as the operational mode, significantly influence the resultant eddy-current loss.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2005 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: brushless machines, eddy currents, permanent magnet
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2005
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2014 08:43
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMAG.2005.854337
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1109/TMAG.2005.854337
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/861

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