White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

The locust frontal ganglion: a central pattern generator network controlling foregut rhythmic motor patterns

Ayali, A., Zilberstein, Y. and Cohen, N. (2002) The locust frontal ganglion: a central pattern generator network controlling foregut rhythmic motor patterns. Journal of Experimental Biology, 205 (18). pp. 2825-2832. ISSN 1477-9145

Available under licence : See the attached licence file.

Download (474Kb)


The frontal ganglion (FG) is part of the insect stomatogastric nervous system and is found in most insect orders. Previous work has shown that in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, the FG constitutes a major source of innervation to the foregut. In an in vitro preparation, isolated from all descending and sensory inputs, the FG spontaneously generated rhythmic multi-unit bursts of action potentials that could be recorded from all its efferent nerves. The consistent endogenous FG rhythmic pattern indicates the presence of a central pattern generator network. We found the appearance of in vitro rhythmic activity to be strongly correlated with the physiological state of the donor locust. A robust pattern emerged only after a period of saline superfusion, if the locust had a very full foregut and crop, or if the animal was close to ecdysis. Accordingly, haemolymph collected at these stages inhibited an ongoing rhythmic pattern when applied onto the ganglion. We present this novel central pattern generating system as a basis for future work on the neural network characterisation and its role in generating and controlling behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2002 The Company of Biologists Limited. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Keywords: desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, central pattern generator, frontal ganglion, neuromodulation
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Computing (Leeds)
Depositing User: Miss Jamie Grant
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2009 18:21
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2014 20:53
Published Version: http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/content/full/205/18/...
Status: Published
Publisher: The Company of Biologists Ltd
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7962

Actions (repository staff only: login required)