White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

Practical limitations to carrier layer formation on inclined planes

Ikin, J.B., Thompson, H.M., Gaskell, P.H. and Noakes, C.J. (2007) Practical limitations to carrier layer formation on inclined planes. International Polymer Processing, 22 (1). pp. 9-15. ISSN 0930-777X


Two important instabilities associated with carrier layer formation on the inclined plane of slide-fed coating processes are explored, with a two liquid layer prototype configuration employed to mimic the slide-bead process as used by industry. The work relates to both slide-bead and curtain coating methods. Experiments first reveal how broad diffuse bands, that destroy the quality of the final coating, are formed as the carrier layer flow rate is reduced. The bands are found to be exacerbated by either decreasing the viscosity or flow rate of the carrier layer or by increasing the viscosity of the upper layer. As the flow rate of the carrier layer is reduced further, the upper layer begins to invade the carrier layer delivery slot. Flow visualisations reveal that a parallel sided delivery slot is superior to a chamfered one in terms of robustness against invasion of the interface and that reducing the slot width increases robustness further. Experiments and complementary numerical simulations confirm the existence of a recirculating eddy near the top of the downstream wall as the carrier layer flow rate is reduced and this insight is used to propose an instability mechanism for the onset of the bands. Further experiments expose the mechanism for the formation of cross bars. These can develop downstream of the carrier layer delivery slot and arise because the merging of the layers there becomes increasingly influenced by the flow, demonstrating that the sensitivity of cross bars to pump induced disturbances grows rapidly as the critical carrier layer flow rate for instability is approached and then collapses as the flow rate is reduced to a value where the layer is no longer effective in lubricating the flow of adjacent layers.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Carl Hanser Verlag Kolbergerstr. 22 D-81679 München media@hanser.de
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Mechanical Engineering (Leeds) > Institute of Engineering Thermofluids, Surfaces & Interfaces (iETSI) (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Civil Engineering (Leeds)
Depositing User: Ms Caroline Wilson
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2009 17:09
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2014 02:44
Status: Published
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7698

Actions (repository staff only: login required)