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Fundamental frequency height as a resource for the management of overlap in talk-in-interaction.

Kurtic, E., Brown, G. J. and Wells, B. (2009) Fundamental frequency height as a resource for the management of overlap in talk-in-interaction. In: Barth-Weingarten, D., Dehe, N. and Wichmann, A., (eds.) Where Prosody Meets Pragmatics. Studies in Pragmatics, 8 . Emerald Group Publishing Limited , Bingley, UK , pp. 183-204. ISBN 978-1-84950-631-1

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Abstract

Overlapping talk is common in talk-in-interaction. Much of the previous research on this topic agrees that speaker overlaps can be either turn competitive or noncompetitive. An investigation of the differences in prosodic design between these two classes of overlaps can offer insight into how speakers use and orient to prosody as a resource for turn competition. In this paper, we investigate the role of fundamental frequency (F0) as a resource for turn competition in overlapping speech. Our methodological approach combines detailed conversation analysis of overlap instances with acoustic measurements of F0 in the overlapping sequence and in its local context. The analyses are based on a collection of overlap instances drawn from the ICSI Meeting corpus. We found that overlappers mark an overlapping incoming as competitive by raising F0 above their norm for turn beginnings, and retaining this higher F0 until the point of overlap resolution. Overlappees may respond to these competitive incomings by returning competition, in which case they raise their F0 too. Our results thus provide instrumental support for earlier claims made on impressionistic evidence, namely that participants in talk-in-interaction systematically manipulate F0 height when competing for the turn.

Item Type: Book Section
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2009 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Keywords: overlap; simultaneous talk; fundamental frequency; turn-taking
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > Department of Human Communication Sciences (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Prof Bill Wells
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2012 14:18
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:41
Status: Published
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/74759

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