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Route training in mobile robots through system identification

Iglesias, R., Kyriacou, T., Nehmzow, U. and Billings, S.A. (2006) Route training in mobile robots through system identification. Research Report. ACSE Research Report no. 922 . Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield

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Abstract

Fundamental sensor-motor couplings form the backbone of most mobile robot control tasks, and often need to be implemented fast, efficiently and nevertheless reliably. Machine learning techniques are therefore often used to obtain the desired sensor-motor competences. In this paper we present an alternative to established machine learning methods such as artificial neural networks, that is very fast, easy to implement, and has the distinct advantage that it generates transparent, analysable sensor-motor couplings: system identification through nonlinear polynomial mapping. This work, which is part of the RobotMODIC project at the universities of Essex and Sheffield, aims to develop a theoretical understanding of the interaction between the robot and its environment. One of the purposes of this research is to enable the principled design of robot control programs. As a first step towards this aim we model the behaviour of the robot, as this emerges from its interaction with the environment, with the NARMAX modelling method (Nonlinear, Auto-Regressive, Moving Average models with eXogenous inputs). This method produces explicit polynomial functions that can be subsequently analysed using established mathematical methods. In this paper we demonstrate the fidelity of the obtained NARMAX models in the challenging task of robot route learning; we present a set of experiments in which a Magellan Pro mobile robot was taught to follow four different routes, always using the same mechanism to obtain the required control law.

Item Type: Monograph (Research Report)
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: The Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering research reports offer a forum for the research output of the academic staff and research students of the Department at the University of Sheffield. Papers are reviewed for quality and presentation by a departmental editor. However, the contents and opinions expressed remain the responsibility of the authors. Some papers in the series may have been subsequently published elsewhere and you are advised to cite the later published version in these instances.
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering (Sheffield) > ACSE Research Reports
Depositing User: Miss Anthea Tucker
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2012 10:20
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:40
Status: Published
Publisher: Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/74568

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