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The effect of landmark and body-based sensory information on route knowledge

Ruddle, RA, Volkova, E, Mohler, B and Bülthoff, HH (2011) The effect of landmark and body-based sensory information on route knowledge. Memory and Cognition, 39 (4). 686 - 699 . ISSN 0090-502X


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Two experiments investigated the effects of landmarks and body-based information on route knowledge. Participants made four out-and-back journeys along a route, guided only on the first outward trip and with feedback every time an error was made. Experiment 1 used 3-D virtual environments (VEs) with a desktop monitor display, and participants were provided with no supplementary landmarks, only global landmarks, only local landmarks, or both global and local landmarks. Local landmarks significantly reduced the number of errors that participants made, but global landmarks did not. Experiment 2 used a head-mounted display; here, participants who physically walked through the VE (translational and rotational body-based information) made 36% fewer errors than did participants who traveled by physically turning but changing position using a joystick. Overall, the experiments showed that participants were less sure of where to turn than which way, and journey direction interacted with sensory information to affect the number and types of errors participants made.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2011, Psychonomic Society. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Memory and Cognition. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Keywords: Adult, Cues, Female, Humans, Kinesthesis, Locomotion, Male, Mental Recall, Orientation, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Proprioception, Space Perception, User-Computer Interface, Young Adult
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Computing (Leeds)
Depositing User: Symplectic Publications
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2012 12:46
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2014 06:16
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13421-010-0054-z
Status: Published
Publisher: Psychonomic Society
Identification Number: 10.3758/s13421-010-0054-z
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/74325

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