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Sex-specific fundamental and formant frequency patterns in a cross-sectional study

Whiteside, S.P. (2001) Sex-specific fundamental and formant frequency patterns in a cross-sectional study. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 110 (1). pp. 464-478. ISSN 0001-4966

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Abstract

An extensive developmental acoustic study of the speech patterns of children and adults was reported by Lee and colleagues [Lee et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 105, 1455-1468 (1999)]. This paper presents a reexamination of selected fundamental frequency and formant frequency data presented in their report for 10 monophthongs by investigating sex-specific and developmental patterns using two different approaches. The first of these includes the investigation of age- and sex-specific formant frequency patterns in the monophthongs. The second, the investigation of fundamental frequency and formant frequency data using the critical band rate (bark) scale and a number of acoustic-phonetic dimensions of the monophthongs from an age- and sex-specific perspective. These acoustic-phonetic dimensions include: vowel spaces and distances from speaker centroids; frequency differences between the formant frequencies of males and females; vowel openness/closeness and frontness/backness; the degree of vocal effort; and formant frequency ranges. Both approaches reveal both age- and sex-specific development patterns which also appear to be dependent on whether vowels are peripheral or non-peripheral. The developmental emergence of these sex-specific differences are discussed with reference to anatomical, physiological, sociophonetic and culturally determined factors. Some directions for further investigation into the age-linked sex differences in speech across the lifespan are also proposed.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2001 Acoustical Society of America. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > Department of Human Communication Sciences (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:51
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1379087
Status: Published
Publisher: Acoustical Society of America
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1121/1.1379087
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1941

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