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Effect of data standardization on chemical clustering and similarity searching

Chu, C.W., Holliday, J.D. and Willett, P. (2009) Effect of data standardization on chemical clustering and similarity searching. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 49 (2). pp. 155-161. ISSN 1549-9596

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Standardization is used to ensure that the variables in a similarity calculation make an equal contribution to the computed similarity value. This paper compares the use of seven different methods that have been suggested previously for the standardization of integer-valued or real-valued data, comparing the results with unstandardized data. Sets of structures from the MDL Drug Data Report and IDAlert databases and represented by Pipeline Pilot physicochemical parameters, molecular holograms and Molconn-Z parameters are clustered using the k-means and Ward’s clustering methods. The resulting classifications are evaluated in terms of the degree of clustering of active compounds selected from eleven different biological activity classes, with these classes also being used in similarity searches. It is shown that there is no consistent pattern when the various standardization methods are ranked in order of decreasing effectiveness and that there is no obvious performance benefit (when compared to unstandardized data) that is likely to be obtained from the use of any particular standardization method.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > Information School (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Information Studies
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2009 14:26
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2009 14:26
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ci800224h
Status: Published
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Identification Number: 10.1021/ci800224h
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/9221

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