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Ophthalmic factors in developmental coordination disorder

Mon-Williams, M., Pascal, E. and Wann, J.P. (1994) Ophthalmic factors in developmental coordination disorder. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 11 (2). pp. 170-178. ISSN 0736-5829

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Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) occurs in a small number of children who present with impaired bodyleye coordination. No study of ophthalmic function in DCD exists despite vision's primary role in perception. Ocular performance was therefore assessed with a battery of tests. Five hundred children aged between 5 and 7 years were involved in the study. Diagnosis of DCD was confirmed for 29 children by the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (ABC); 29 control children were randomly selected. Comprehensive examination with a battery of ophthalmic tests did not reveal any significant difference in visual status between the two groups. Strabismus was found in 5 children from both groups. All 5 children with strabismus from the DCD group showed a similar movement profile with the Motor Competence Checklist. While a causal relationship cannot be discounted, the presence of strabismus appears more likely to be a "hard" neurological sign of central damage common to this group. The evidence seems to indicate that a simple ophthalmic difficulty does not explain problems with movement control.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Medicine and Health (Leeds) > School of Psychology (Leeds) > Cognitive Psychology (Leeds)
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2009 14:51
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2009 14:51
Status: Published
Publisher: Human Kinetics
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/8897

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