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Visual display height

Burgess-Limerick, R., Mon-Williams, M. and Coppard, V.L. (2000) Visual display height. Human Factors, 42 (1). pp. 140-150. ISSN 0018-7208

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Abstract

We examined the influence of backrest inclination and vergence demand on the posture and gaze angle that workers adopt to view visual targets placed in different vertical locations. In the study, 12 participants viewed a small video monitor placed in 7 locations around a 0.65-m radius arc (from 65° below to 30° above horizontal eye height). Trunk posture was manipulated by changing the backrest inclination of an adjustable chair. Vergence demand was manipulated by using ophthalmic lenses and prisms to mimic the visual consequences of varying target distance. Changes in vertical target location caused large changes in atlanto-occipital posture and gaze angle. Cervical posture was altered to a lesser extent by changes in vertical target location. Participants compensated for changes in backrest inclination by changing cervical posture, though they did not significantly alter atlanto-occipital posture and gaze angle. The posture adopted to view any target represents a compromise between visual and musculoskeletal demands. These results provide support for the argument that the optimal location of visual targets is at least 15° below horizontal eye level. Actual or potential applications of this work include the layout of computer workstations and the viewing of displays from a seated posture.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Medicine and Health (Leeds) > Institute of Psychological Sciences (Leeds) > Cognitive Psychology (Leeds)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2009 10:59
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2010 14:24
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1518/001872000779656598
Status: Published
Publisher: Human Factors Society
Identification Number: 10.1518/001872000779656598
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/8687

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