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Service life modelling of fibre composites: A unified approach

Purnell, P., Cain, J., van Itterbeeck, P. and Lesko, J. (2008) Service life modelling of fibre composites: A unified approach. Composites Science and Technology, 68 (15-16). pp. 3330-3336. ISSN 0266-3538

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Abstract

A model for simulated ageing of glass fibre reinforced composites is presented, based on the micromechanics of the primary strength loss process i.e. fibre degradation, was fitted to extant data in the literature for both polymer- and cement-matrix composites. Correlation coefficients of >0.95 were obtained in all cases. Derived parameters suggest that for a diffusion-based approach is most useful. Applied strain apparently alters the fundamental ageing process. The activation energy for the ageing process ranged from 41 to 118 kJ/mol; there is some evidence that 90–100 kJ/mol is probably the true value, correlating with studies on aqueous glass degradation. Bulk water ingress into the samples was fundamentally not correlated with the strength loss process. A more advanced analysis of OH ion transport in glass fibre composites is required to clarify the mechanism. Half-lives of 20 and 80 years were predicted for cement- and polymer-matrix composites, respectively, at service lives of 20 C.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: A. Glass fibres, A. Structural composites, B. Durability, B. Hygrothermal effect, D. Life prediction
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Civil Engineering (Leeds)
Depositing User: Miss Elizabeth Winning
Date Deposited: 12 May 2009 16:08
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2014 01:33
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.08.02...
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.08.026
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/8589

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