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Speed can go up as well as down at low contrast: Implications for models of motion perception

Thompson, P., Brooks, K. and Hammet, S.T. (2005) Speed can go up as well as down at low contrast: Implications for models of motion perception. Vision Research, 46 (6-7). pp. 782-786. ISSN 0042-6989

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It is well-known that reducing the contrast of a slow moving stimulus reduces its apparent speed. [Thompson, P. (1982). Perceived rate of movement depends on contrast. Vision Research, 22, 377–380.] report of this finding also suggested that at speeds above 8 cycles/s reducing contrast increased perceived speed. However in a later report, Stone and Thompson (1992), using a more rigorous, forced-choice procedure, failed to collect reliable data at these higher speeds. Here, we confirm that faster moving stimuli can appear to move faster than their true speed at low contrasts and we propose a physiologically plausible ratio model that unlike recent Bayesian models (e.g. Weiss, Y., Simoncelli, E. P., & Adelson, E. H. (2002). Motion illusions as optimal percepts. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 598–604) can account well for the results.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Psychology (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2009 09:31
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2009 09:31
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/1016/j.visres.2005.08.005
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.visres.2005.08.005
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7773

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