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Perceptual distortions of speed at low luminance: Evidence inconsistent with a Bayesian account of speed encoding

Hammett, S.T., Champion, R.A., Thompson, P.G. and Morland, A.B. (2006) Perceptual distortions of speed at low luminance: Evidence inconsistent with a Bayesian account of speed encoding. Vision Research, 47 (4). pp. 564-568. ISSN 0042-6989

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Abstract

Our perception of speed has been shown to be distorted under a number of viewing conditions. Recently the well-known reduction of perceived speed at low contrast has led to Bayesian models of speed perception that account for these distortions with a slow speed ‘prior’. To test the predictive, rather than the descriptive, power of the Bayesian approach we have investigated perceived speed at low luminance. Our results indicate that, for the mesopic and photopic range (0.13–30 cd m−2) the perceived speed of lower luminance patterns is virtually unaffected at low speeds (<4 deg s−1) but is over-estimated at higher speeds (>4 deg s−1). We show here that the results can be accounted for by an extension to a simple ratio model of speed encoding [Hammett, S. T., Champion, R. A., Morland, A. & Thompson, P. G. (2005). A ratio model of perceived speed in the human visual system. Proceedings of Royal Society B, 262, 2351–2356.] that takes account of known changes in neural responses as a function of luminance, contrast and temporal frequency. The results are not consistent with current Bayesian approaches to modelling speed encoding that postulate a slow speed prior.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Psychology (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2009 09:53
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2009 09:53
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2006.08.013
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.visres.2006.08.013
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7763

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