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Sentence polarity and word order in Basque

Haddican, W. (2006) Sentence polarity and word order in Basque. The Linguistic Review, 21 (2). pp. 87-124. ISSN 0167-6318

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This paper argues for a new understanding of polarity-sensitive word order alternations in Basque, within a theory of grammar that assumes antisymmetry (Kayne 1994) and only XP movement. Drawing on Cinque's (1999) universal hierarchy of functional heads it argues that the negative order - Neg-Aux-V - is derivationally prior. The affirmative V-aux order is produced by raising of the VP to a position called PolP, which also hosts the negative morpheme ez, in negative sentences, and the emphatic marker, ba, in emphatic affirmatives. An empirical advantage of this proposal over underlying mixed-head approaches to Basque (Laka 1990), Elordieta 2000) is its ability to explain scope taking between negation and evidential particles.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Language and Linguistic Science (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2009 15:23
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2009 15:23
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/tlir.2004.004
Status: Published
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter && Co.
Identification Number: 10.1515/tlir.2004.004
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7640

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