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Increasing dominance of large lianas in Amazonian forests

Phillips, O.L., Marti­nez, R.V., Arroyo, L., Baker, T.R., Killeen, T., Lewis, S.L., Malhi, Y., Mendoza, A.M., Neill, D., Vargas, P.N., Alexiades, M., Ceron, C., Di Fiore, A., Erwin, T., Jardim, A., Palacios, W., Saldias, M. and Vinceti, B. (2002) Increasing dominance of large lianas in Amazonian forests. Nature, 418 (6899). pp. 770-774. ISSN 0028-0836

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Abstract

Ecological orthodoxy suggests that old-growth forests should be close to dynamic equilibrium, but this view has been challenged by recent findings that neotropical forests are accumulating carbon and biomass, possibly in response to the increasing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide. However, it is unclear whether the recent increase in tree biomass has been accompanied by a shift in community composition. Such changes could reduce or enhance the carbon storage potential of old-growth forests in the long term. Here we show that non-fragmented Amazon forests are experiencing a concerted increase in the density, basal area and mean size of woody climbing plants (lianas). Over the last two decades of the twentieth century the dominance of large lianas relative to trees has increased by 1.7–4.6% a year. Lianas enhance tree mortality and suppress tree growth, so their rapid increase implies that the tropical terrestrial carbon sink may shut down sooner than current models suggest. Predictions of future tropical carbon fluxes will need to account for the changing composition and dynamics of supposedly undisturbed forests.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2002 Nature Publishing Group
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > University of Leeds Research Centres and Institutes > Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation (Leeds)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2004
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2014 15:01
Published Version: http://www.nature.com/nature/
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1038/nature00926
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/76

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