Pickett, K.E., Collins, J.W., Masi, C.M. and Wilkinson, R.G. (2005) The Effects of Racial Density and Income Incongruity on Pregnancy Outcomes. Social Science and Medicine, 60 (10). pp. 2229-2238. ISSN 0277-9536
This study shows that living in a better area reduces the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes but, among African-American women, living in an area in which they are in a racial minority may increase the risk. Using the 1991 cohort of single infants born to African-American women in Chicago, we measured census tract socioeconomic status and defined women as having "positive income incongruity" if they lived in wealthier tracts than the average African-American woman of comparable education and marital status. We examined whether or not the effect of positive income incongruity differed according to whether or not African-American women lived in predominantly black, or mixed tracts. Among the women living in predominantly black census tracts, positive income incongruity was associated with a lower risk of low birth weight (odds ratio (OR) = 0.91) and preterm delivery (OR = 0.83). These effects were modest, but statistically significant for gestation (p-value = 0.01). In contrast, among the women living in mixed tracts positive income incongruity was not associated with low birth weight (OR = 1.04) or preterm delivery (OR = 1.11). In mixed areas the expected benefits of positive income incongruity are completely offset by the racial density effect, suggesting that the positive effects of a better socioeconomic context may be countered for minority women by the adverse effects of racism or racial stigma. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Institution:||The University of York|
|Academic Units:||The University of York > Health Sciences (York)|
|Depositing User:||York RAE Import|
|Date Deposited:||17 Feb 2009 08:29|
|Last Modified:||17 Feb 2009 08:29|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.|