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Passion and burnout in elite junior soccer players: The mediating role of self-determined motivation

Hill, AP, Curran, T, Hall, HK and Appleton, PR (2011) Passion and burnout in elite junior soccer players: The mediating role of self-determined motivation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12 (6). 655 - 661 (7). ISSN 1469-0292

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Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between forms of passion (harmonious and obsessive; Vallerand et al., 2003) and athlete burnout, and whether these relationships are mediated by self-determined motivation. The proposed model posited that because harmonious passion originates from an authentic self, it will be positively associated with self-determined regulation. Conversely, because obsessive passion originates from ego-invested structures within the self, it will be negatively associated with self-determined regulation. In turn, consistent with research examining the relationship between motivation regulation and athlete burnout, self-determined regulation was expected to be negatively associated with athlete burnout. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Method: This model was tested in 149 (M age¼ 16.2, s ¼ 2.0, range¼ 12e21) male junior athletes who attended soccer academies in the UK. Participants completed the Passion Scale (Vallerand et al., 2003), the Sport Motivation Scale (Pelletier et al., 1995), and the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (Raedeke & Smith, 2001). Results: Harmonious passion was negatively related to a latent athlete burnout factor, whereas obsessive passion was unrelated to a latent athlete burnout factor. The relationship between harmonious passion and burnout was fully mediated by self-determined regulation. Conclusions: The results suggest that harmonious passion may offer some protection from burnout for athletes due to higher levels of self-determined motivation

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: (c) 2011, Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Biological Sciences (Leeds) > Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology (Leeds)
Depositing User: Symplectic Publications
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2012 15:31
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2014 14:19
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.06.004
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.06.004
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/74583

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