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Examining the influence of the parent-initiated and coach-created motivational climate upon athletes' perfectionistic cognitions

Hill, AP, Appleton, PR and Hall, HK (2011) Examining the influence of the parent-initiated and coach-created motivational climate upon athletes' perfectionistic cognitions. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29 (7). 661 - 671 (11). ISSN 0264-0414


The aims of this study are threefold. First, we investigate the influence of the parent-initiated motivational climate upon elite junior athletes’ perfectionistic cognitions. Second, we examine whether the coach-created motivational climate predicts additional variance in elite junior athletes’ perfectionistic cognitions beyond the effects associated with the parentinitiated motivational climate. Third, we test the moderating role of athletes’ gender and age in the relationship between the parent-initiated and coach-created motivational climates and athletes’ perfectionistic cognitions. A total of 190 elite junior athletes (mean age 15.2 years, s¼1.5, range 10–18) completed the Parent-Initiated Motivational Climate Questionnaire-2 (White & Duda, 1993), the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (Newton, Duda, & Yin, 2000), and the Perfectionistic Cognitions Inventory (Flett, Hewitt, Blankstein, & Gray, 1998). Regression analyses revealed that mother- and father-initiated worry-conducive climates, the father-initiated success-without-effort climate, and the coach-created performance motivational climate predicted male athletes’ perfectionistic cognitions. Female athletes’ perfectionistic cognitions were predicted by the mother-initiated worry-conducive climate, father-initiated learningenjoyment climate, and both dimensions of the coach-created climate. Finally, athletes’ gender emerged as a significant moderator of the mother-initiated worry-conducive climate and athletes’ perfectionistic cognitions relationship. Findings confirm that the parent-initiated motivational climate is a significant predictor of athletes’ perfectionism-related thoughts, and provide initial support for the influence of the coach-created motivation climate over children’s perfectionistic cognitions.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Biological Sciences (Leeds) > Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology (Leeds)
Depositing User: Symplectic Publications
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2012 10:56
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2014 16:12
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.551541
Status: Published
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Identification Number: 10.1080/02640414.2010.551541
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/74577

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