Kloks, T, Muller, H and Vuskovic, K (2009) Even-hole-free graphs that do not contain diamonds: A structure theorem and its consequences. Journal of Combinatorial Theory: Series B, 99 (5). 733 - 800 . ISSN 0095-8956Full text available as:
Available under licence : See the attached licence file.
In this paper we consider the class of simple graphs defined by excluding, as induced subgraphs, even holes (i.e., chordless cycles of even length) and diamonds (i.e., a graph obtained from a clique of size 4 by removing an edge). We say that such graphs are (even-hole, diamond)-free. For this class of graphs we first obtain a decomposition theorem, using clique cutsets, bisimplicial cutsets (which is a special type of a star cutset) and 2-joins. This decomposition theorem is then used to prove that every graph that is (even-hole, diamond)-free contains a simplicial extreme (i.e., a vertex that is either of degree 2 or whose neighborhood induces a clique). This characterization implies that for every (even-hole, diamond)-free graph G, χ(G)⩽ω(G)+1 (where χ denotes the chromatic number and ω the size of a largest clique). In other words, the class of (even-hole, diamond)-free graphs is a χ-bounded family of graphs with the Vizing bound for the chromatic number. The existence of simplicial extremes also shows that (even-hole, diamond)-free graphs are β-perfect, which implies a polynomial time coloring algorithm, by coloring greedily on a particular, easily constructable, ordering of vertices. Note that the class of (even-hole, diamond)-free graphs can also be recognized in polynomial time.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||© 2009, Elsevier. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Journal of Combinatorial Theory: Series B. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.|
|Keywords:||even-hole-free graphs, decomposition, chi-bounded families, beta-perfect graphs, greedy coloring algorithm, beta-perfect graphs|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Computing (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Symplectic Publications|
|Date Deposited:||20 Jun 2012 13:07|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2014 18:40|
Actions (login required)