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Risk factors for fracture in a UK population: a prospective cohort study

Porthouse, J., Birks, Y.F., Torgerson, D.J., Cockayne, S., Puffer, S. and Watt, I. (2004) Risk factors for fracture in a UK population: a prospective cohort study. Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 97 (9). pp. 569-574. ISSN 1460-2725

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Common clinical risk factors for fracture in older women have been identified. To date, most of these risk factors have not been confirmed in a UK population.

AIM:

To confirm the important risk factors for fracture in older women.

DESIGN:

Comprehensive cohort study (CCS) with a nested randomized controlled trial.

METHODS:

The CCS included 4292 women aged >70 years. We assessed potential risk factors for fracture, and followed-up participants for 24 months for incidence of non-vertebral fractures.

RESULTS:

Odds ratios (ORs) for predicting any non-vertebral fracture were: previous fracture, 2.67 (95%CI 2.10–3.40); a fall in the last 12 months, 2.06 (95%CI 1.63–2.59); and age (per year increase), 1.03 (95%CI 1.01–1.05). ORs for predicting hip fracture were: previous fracture, 2.31 (95%CI 1.31–4.08); low body weight (<58 kg), 2.20 (95%CI 1.28–3.77); maternal history of hip fracture, 1.68 (95%CI 0.85–3.31); a fall in the last 12 months, 2.92 (95%CI 1.70–5.01); and age (per year increase), 1.09 (95%CI 1.04–1.13). ORs for predicting wrist fracture were: previous fracture, 2.29 (95%CI 1.56–3.34); and a fall in the last 12 months, 1.60 (95%CI 1.10–2.31). Being a current smoker was not associated with an increase in risk, and was consistent across all fracture types.

DISCUSSION:

Older women with the clinical risk factors identified in this study should be investigated for osteoporosis or offered preventive treatment.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of York > Health Sciences (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2009 12:43
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2009 12:43
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hch097
Status: Published
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1093/qjmed/hch097
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7435

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