White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

A northern glacial refugium for bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus)

Kotlík, P., Deffontaine, V., Mascheretti, S., Zima, J., Michaux, J.R. and Searle, J.B. (2006) A northern glacial refugium for bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103 (40). pp. 14860-14864. ISSN 0027-8424

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

There is controversy and uncertainty on how far north there were glacial refugia for temperate species during the Pleistocene glaciations and in the extent of the contribution of such refugia to present-day populations. We examined these issues using phylogeographic analysis of a European woodland mammal, the bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus). A Bayesian coalescence analysis indicates that a bank vole population survived the height of the last glaciation (≈25,000–10,000 years B.P.) in the vicinity of the Carpathians, a major central European mountain chain well north of the Mediterranean areas typically regarded as glacial refugia for temperate species. Parameter estimates from the fitted isolation with migration model show that the divergence of the Carpathian population started at least 22,000 years ago, and it was likely followed by only negligible immigration from adjacent regions, suggesting the persistence of bank voles in the Carpathians through the height of the last glaciation. On the contrary, there is clear evidence for gene flow out of the Carpathians, demonstrating the contribution of the Carpathian population to the colonization of Europe after the Pleistocene. These findings are consistent with data from animal and plant fossils recovered in the Carpathians and provide the clearest phylogeographic evidence to date of a northern glacial refugium for temperate species in Europe.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Biology (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2009 09:33
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2009 09:33
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0603237103
Status: Published
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences; 1999
Identification Number: 10.1073/pnas.0603237103
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7392

Actions (repository staff only: login required)