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Facial ontogeny in Neanderthals and modern humans

Bastir, M., O'Higgins, P. and Rosas, A. (2007) Facial ontogeny in Neanderthals and modern humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 274 (1614). pp. 1125-1132. ISSN 0962-8452

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One hundred and fifty years after the discovery of Neanderthals, it is held that this morphologically and genetically distinct human species does not differ from modern Homo sapiens in its craniofacial ontogenetic trajectory after the early post-natal period. This is striking given the evident morphological differences between these species, since it implies that all of the major differences are established by the early post-natal period and carried into adulthood through identical trajectories, despite the extent to which mechanical and spatial factors are thought to influence craniofacial ontogeny. Here, we present statistical and morphological analyses demonstrating that the spatio-temporal processes responsible for craniofacial ontogenetic transformations differ. The findings emphasize that pre-natal as well as post-natal ontogeny are both important in establishing the cranial morphological differences between adult Neanderthals and modern humans.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Hull York Medical School (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2009 11:45
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2009 11:45
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.0448
Status: Published
Publisher: Royal Society, The
Identification Number: 10.1098/rspb.2006.0448
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7375

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