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Assessing the future global impacts of ozone on vegetation.

ASHMORE, M.R. (2005) Assessing the future global impacts of ozone on vegetation. Plant Cell and Environment, 28 (8). pp. 949-964. ISSN 0140-7791

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Ozone is a major secondary air pollutant, the current concentrations of which have been shown to have significant adverse effects on crop yields, forest growth and species composition. In North America and Europe, emissions of ozone precursors are decreasing but in other regions of the world, especially Asia, where much less is known about its impacts, they are increasing rapidly. There is also evidence of an increase in global background ozone concentrations, which will lead to significant changes in global ozone exposure over this century, during which direct and indirect effects of other changes in the global atmosphere will also modify plant responses to ozone. This paper considers how far our current understanding of the mechanisms of ozone impacts, and the tools currently used for ozone risk assessment, are capable of evaluating the consequences of these changing global patterns of exposure to ozone. Risk assessment based on relationships between external concentration and plant response is inadequate for these new challenges. New models linking stomatal flux, and detoxification and repair processes, to carbon assimilation and allocation provide a more mechanistic basis for future risk assessments. However, there are a range of more complex secondary effects of ozone that are not considered in current risk assessment, and there is an urgent need to develop more holistic approaches linking the effects of ozone, climate, and nutrient and water availability, on individual plants, species interactions and ecosystem function.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Environment (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2009 11:10
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2009 11:10
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01341.x
Status: Published
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Identification Number: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01341.x
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7265

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