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MYB61 is required for mucilage deposition and extrusion in the Arabidopsis seed coat

Penfield, S., Meissner, R.C., Shoue, D.A., Carpita, N.C. and Bevan, M.W. (2001) MYB61 is required for mucilage deposition and extrusion in the Arabidopsis seed coat. Plant Cell, 13 (12). pp. 2777-2791. ISSN 1040-4651

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We have undertaken a systematic reverse genetic approach to understand R2R3-MYB gene function in Arabidopsis. Here, we report the functional characterization of MYB61 based on the phenotype of three independent insertion alleles. Wide-ranging phenotype screens indicated that MYB61 mutants were deficient in seed mucilage extrusion upon imbibition. This phenotype was expressed in the sporophytic tissues of the seed. Deposition and extrusion of the principal component of the mucilage, a relatively unbranched rhamnogalacturonan, were reduced in the MYB61 mutant seed coats. Additional defects in the maturation of the testa epidermal cells suggested a potential deficiency in extracellular secretion in myb61 lines. Consistent with a proposed role in testa development, reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction analysis showed the highest MYB61 expression in siliques, which was localized to the seed coat by a {beta}-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene fusion. Lower levels of GUS expression were detected in developing vascular tissue. Parallel analysis of the ttg1-1 mutant phenotype indicated that this mutant showed more severe developmental defects than myb61 and suggested that MYB61 may function in a genetic pathway distinct from that of TTG1. The transient nature of seed epidermal characteristics in the ttg1-1 mutant suggested that TTG1 was required for maintenance rather than initiation of testa epidermal differentiation. Germination and seedling establishment were compromised in the myb61 and ttg1-1 mutants under conditions of reduced water potential, suggesting a function for Arabidopsis seed mucilage during germination in dry conditions.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Biology (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2009 15:43
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2009 15:43
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.010265
Status: Published
Publisher: the American Society of Plant Biologists
Identification Number: 10.1105/tpc.010265
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7235

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