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Edge localized modes and the pedestal: A model based on coupled peeling-ballooning modes

Snyder, P.B., Wilson, H.R., Ferron, J.R., Lao, L.L., Leonard, A.W., Osborne, T.H. and Turnbull, A.D. (2002) Edge localized modes and the pedestal: A model based on coupled peeling-ballooning modes. Physics of Plasmas, 9 (5). pp. 2037-2043. ISSN 1070-664X

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Abstract

A model based on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stability of the tokamak plasma edge region is presented, which describes characteristics of edge localized modes (ELMs) and the pedestal. The model emphasizes the dual role played by large bootstrap currents driven by the sharp pressure gradients in the pedestal region. Pedestal currents reduce the edge magnetic shear, stabilizing high toroidal mode number (n) ballooning modes, while at the same time providing drive for intermediate to low n peeling modes. The result is that coupled peeling–ballooning modes at intermediate n (3<n<20) are often the limiting instability which constrains the pedestal and triggers ELMs. These modes are characterized in shaped tokamak equilibria using an efficient new numerical code, and simplified models are developed for pedestal limits and the ELM cycle. Results are compared to several experiments, and nonideal MHD effects are briefly discussed.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Physics (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2009 09:46
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2009 09:46
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1449463
Status: Published
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Identification Number: 10.1063/1.1449463
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7207

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