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Analytic choices in economic models of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis: What makes a difference?

Drummond, M.F., Barbieri, M. and Wong, J.B. (2005) Analytic choices in economic models of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis: What makes a difference? Medical Decision Making, 25 (5). pp. 520-533. ISSN 0272-989X

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To compare the analytic judgments, data, and assumptions of different models used in the economic evaluation of infliximab, one of a new class of drugs for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. A detailed assessment was made of 4 models, 1 submitted (in a reimbursement dossier) by the manufacturer, 1 produced by an independent academic group, and 2 recently published in the literature. Factors considered included the key data inputs, assumptions about the sequencing of treatments for RA, the methods used to calculate health utilities, and the estimation of cost offsets.

RESULTS

Two of the 4 models, although embodying different methodological approaches, gave fairly similar results (approximately £25,000–£35,000 cost per additional quality-adjusted life year [QALY] gained). The other 2 models, both by an independent academic group, gave much higher estimates, ranging from £50,000 to £60,000 to more than £100,000 per additional QALY. The differences appeared to depend mainly on differences in model structure, the assumptions about the positioning of infliximab in the treatment sequence, and the relationship between Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) states and QALYs.

CONCLUSIONS

Economic models of treatments for RA incorporate different key data inputs and analytic judgments. However, convergence was observed in some of the estimates produced by the models, particularly when adjustments were made for some of the differences in input parameters. Nevertheless, differences in the choice of model structure and in key assumptions also had a major impact on results. Therefore, more discussion is needed to reach a consensus on some of these methodological issues.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of York > Centre for Health Economics (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2009 15:08
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2009 15:08
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272989X05280561
Status: Published
Publisher: Sage Science Press
Identification Number: 10.1177/0272989X05280561
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6971

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