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Estimating Utilities from individual health preference data: a nonparametric Bayesian method

Kharroubi, S.A., O'Hagan, A. and Brazier, J.E. (2005) Estimating Utilities from individual health preference data: a nonparametric Bayesian method. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society; Series C (Applied Statistics), 54 (5). pp. 879-895. ISSN 1467-9876

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A fundamental benefit that is conferred by medical treatments is to increase the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) that is experienced by patients. Various descriptive systems exist to define a patient's health state, and we address the problem of assigning an HRQOL value to any given state in such a descriptive system. Data derive from experiments in which individuals are asked to assign their personal values to various health states. We construct a Bayesian model that takes account of various important aspects of such data. Specifically, we allow for the repeated measures feature that each individual values several different states, and the fact that individuals vary markedly in their valuations, with some people consistently providing higher valuations than others. We model the relationship between HRQOL and health state nonparametrically. We illustrate our method by using data from an experiment in which 611 individuals each valued up to six states in the descriptive system known as the SF-6D system. Although the SF-6D system distinguishes 18000 different health states, only 249 of these were valued in this experiment. We provide posterior inference about the HRQOL values for all 18000 states.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > University of Sheffield Research Centres and Institutes > Centre for Bayesian Statistics and Health Economics (Sheffield)
The University of York > Mathematics (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2009 13:49
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2009 13:49
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9876.2005.00511.x
Status: Published
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Identification Number: 10.1111/j.1467-9876.2005.00511.x
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6943

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