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Ferrocene encapsulated within symmetric dendrimers: a deeper understanding of dendritic effects on redox potential

Stone, D.L., Smith, D.K. and McGrail, P.T. (2002) Ferrocene encapsulated within symmetric dendrimers: a deeper understanding of dendritic effects on redox potential. Journal of The American Chemical Society, 124 (5). pp. 856-864. ISSN 0002-7863

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Abstract

Ferrocene has been encapsulated within a symmetric ether-amide dendritic shell and its redox potential monitored in a variety of solvents. The dendritic effect generated by the branched shell is different in different solvents. In less polar, non hydrogen bond donor solvents, attachment of the branched shell to ferrocene increases its E1/2, indicating that oxidation to ferrocenium (charge buildup) becomes thermodynamically hindered by the dendrimer, a result explained by the dendrimer providing a less polar medium than that of the surrounding electrolyte solution. The effect of electrolyte concentration on redox potential was also investigated, and it was shown that the concentration of “innocent” electrolyte has a significant effect on the redox potential by increasing the overall polarity of the surrounding medium. Dendritic destabilization of charge buildup is in agreement with the majority of reported dendritic effects. A notable exception to this is provided by the asymmetric ferrocene dendrimers previously reported by Kaifer and co-workers, in which the branching facilitated oxidation, and it is proposed that in this case the dendritic effect is generated by a different mechanism. Interestingly, in methanol, the new symmetric ferrocene dendrimer exhibited almost no dendritic effect, a result explained by the ability of methanol to interact extensively with the branched shell, generating a more open superstructure. By comparison of all the new data with other reports, this study provides a key insight into the structure−activity relationships which control redox processes in dendrimers and also an insight into the electrochemical process itself.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of York > Chemistry (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2009 14:40
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2009 14:40
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja0117478
Status: Published
Publisher: ACS American Chemical Society
Identification Number: 10.1021/ja0117478
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6892

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