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Conflicting identities: solidary incentives in the Serbo-Croatian war

Duffy, G. and Lindstrom, N. (2002) Conflicting identities: solidary incentives in the Serbo-Croatian war. Journal of Peace Research, 39 (1). pp. 69-90. ISSN 0022-3433

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Conflict elites often mobilize by distributing to their constituents solidary incentives to participation. Although elites find this strategy relatively cost-free at mobilization time, it greatly limits their action possibilities at conflict settlement time. The non-retractability of solidary incentives limits the ability of leaders to accommodate their adversaries. It thereby tends to produce protracted conflicts. This article draws upon the Serbo-Croatian conflict to illustrate this general proposition. It shows how distributions of solidary incentives contributed to the protractedness of the 1990-95 conflict between Croatia and Serbia following the dissolution of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The reliance of political leaders on solidary incentives also helps account for subsequent difficulties in implementing the Dayton Peace Agreement. The article concludes by reflecting on how the non-retractability of solidary incentives could affect practical strategies for producing peace in this setting.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Politics (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2009 13:27
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2009 13:27
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022343302039001004
Status: Published
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Identification Number: 10.1177/0022343302039001004
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6797

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