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Lexical and semantic binding in verbal short-term memory

Jefferies, E., Frankish, C.R. and Lambon Ralph, M.A. (2005) Lexical and semantic binding in verbal short-term memory. Journal of Memory and Language, 54 (1). pp. 81-98. ISSN 0749-596X

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Abstract

Semantic dementia patients make numerous phoneme migration errors in their immediate serial recall of poorly comprehended words. In this study, similar errors were induced in the word recall of healthy participants by presenting unpredictable mixed lists of words and nonwords. This technique revealed that lexicality, word frequency, imageability, and the ratio of words to nonwords all influence the stability of the phonological trace. These factors affected phoneme migrations and phoneme identity errors for both the words themselves and the nonwords they were presented with. Therefore, lexical/semantic knowledge encourages the phonological segments of familiar words to emerge together in immediate serial recall. In the absence of such knowledge, the elements of a particular item are more likely to recombine with the phonemes of other list items. These findings demonstrate the importance of lexical and semantic binding in verbal short-term memory.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of York > Psychology (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2009 13:44
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2009 13:44
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2005.08.001
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jml.2005.08.001
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6780

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