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Optimizing an array of antennas for cellular coverage from a high altitude platform

Thornton, J, Grace, D (orcid.org/0000-0003-4493-7498), Capstick, M H and Tozer, T C (2003) Optimizing an array of antennas for cellular coverage from a high altitude platform. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. pp. 484-492. ISSN 1536-1276

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In a wireless communications network served by a high altitude platform (HAP) the cochannel interference is a function of the antenna beamwidth, angular separation and. sidelobe level. At the millimeter wave frequencies proposed for HAPs, an array of aperture type antennas on the platform is a practicable solution for serving the cells. We present a method for predicting cochannel interference based on curve-fit approximations for radiation patterns of elliptic beams which illuminate cell edges with optimum power, and a means of estimating optimum beamwidths for each cell of a regular hexagonal layout. The method is then applied to a 121 cell architecture. Where sidelobes are modeled As a flat floor at 40-dB below peak directivity, a cell cluster size of four yields carrier-to-interference ratios (CIRs), which vary from 15 dB at cell edges to 27 dB at cell centers. On adopting a cluster size of seven, these figures increase, respectively, to 19 and 30 dB. On reducing the sidelobe level, the. improvement in CIR can be quantified. The method also readily allows for regions of overlapping channel coverage to be shown.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2003 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: antenna sidelobes,cellular communications network,cochannel interference,elliptic beams,frequency reuse,high altitude platforms (HAP),microwave antenna array,DYNAMIC CHANNEL ASSIGNMENT,WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS,COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES,AERIAL PLATFORMS,POWER-CONTROL,PERFORMANCE,ALGORITHMS
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Electronics (York)
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2005
Last Modified: 17 May 2016 00:00
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TWC.2003.811052
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/672

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