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What limits children's working memory span? Theoretical accounts and applications for scholastic development

Hitch, G.J., Towse, J.N. and Hutton, U. (2001) What limits children's working memory span? Theoretical accounts and applications for scholastic development. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 103 (2). pp. 184-198. ISSN 00963445

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Abstract

Explanations of working memory span in children were studied in a longitudinal follow-up of J. N. Towse, G. J. Hitch, and U. Hutton (1998). Reading span and operation span were lower when within-task retention intervals were lengthened. For each task, variation in span between test waves and age cohorts was systematically related to changes in processing speed. The two spans explained substantial shared variance in both reading and arithmetic scores, with some evidence for domain specificity. Combined span scores predicted unique variance in scholastic attainment over a 1-year interval. The authors concluded that working memory span is constrained by rapid loss of active codes and is not simply a measure of capacity for resource sharing. Working memory is also implicated in scholastic development.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of York > Psychology (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2009 10:10
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2009 10:10
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0096-3445.130.2.184
Status: Published
Publisher: Apa American Psychological Association
Identification Number: 10.1037/0096-3445.130.2.184
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6658

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