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Mesoscopic magnetic/semiconductor heterostructures

Xu, Y.B., Ahmad, E., Lu, Y.X., Claydon, J.S., Zhai, Y. and van der Laan, G. (2006) Mesoscopic magnetic/semiconductor heterostructures. IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, 5 ( 5). pp. 455-458. ISSN 1536-125X

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Abstract

We report the experimental results of Fe and Fe3O4 nanostructures on GaAs(100) surfaces and hybrid Ferromagnetic/Semiconductor/Ferromagnetic (FM/SC/FM) spintronic devices. Element specific x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements have shown directly that Fe atoms on the GaAs(100)-4times6 surface are ferromagnetic. Within coverages of 2.5 to 4.8 ML superparamagnetic nanoclusters are formed and exhibiting strong uniaxial anisotropy, of the order of 6.0times105 erg/cm3. The coercivities of epitaxial Fe dot arrays films grown on GaAs(100) were observed to be dependent on the separation and size of the dots indicating that interdot dipolar coupling affects the magnetization processes in these dots. In addition Fe3O4 films grown on deformed GaAs(100) substrates have been observed to form nanostripes following the topography of the substrate and magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) measurements showed that these nanostripes have uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with easy axis perpendicular to the length of the nanostripes. Meanwhile the FM/SC/FM vertical device has exhibited a biasing current dependent on MR characteristics, with a maximum change of 12% in the MR observed, indicating for the first time a large room temperature spin injection and detection

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Electronics (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2009 10:54
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2009 10:54
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNANO.2006.880415
Status: Published
Publisher: IEEE
Identification Number: 10.1109/TNANO.2006.880415
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6340

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