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Learning, non-equilibrium beliefs, and non-pecuniary payoffs in an experimental game

Costa-Gomes, M.A. and Zauner, K.G. (2003) Learning, non-equilibrium beliefs, and non-pecuniary payoffs in an experimental game. Economic Theory, 22 (2). pp. 263-288. ISSN 0938-2259

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We present a parametric learning model of players' dynamic and possibly out-of-equilibrium beliefs about other players' preferences that also incorporates random utility (noise). We estimate the model using the data from the four-country ultimatum game experiments of Roth et al. (1991). We find evidence that in the US and in Israel, the estimated beliefs of proposers are stationary and out-of-equilibrium, that in Slovenia, they are in equilibrium, and that in Japan, they are out-of-equilibrium, change from period to period and move away from equilibrium over time. In Japan and in the US, the estimated proposers' beliefs are further away from the uniform prior than the estimated equilibrium beliefs. The results seem to provide support for a non-pecuniary payoff explanation in all countries.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Economics and Related Studies (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2009 13:53
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2009 13:53
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00199-002-0295-6
Status: Published
Publisher: Springer Science + Business Media
Identification Number: 10.1007/s00199-002-0295-6
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/5992

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