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Total and excess bed occupancy by age, specialty and insulin use for nearly one million diabetes patients discharged from all English Acute Hospitals

Sampson, M.J., Dozio, N., Ferguson, B. and Dhatariya, K. (2007) Total and excess bed occupancy by age, specialty and insulin use for nearly one million diabetes patients discharged from all English Acute Hospitals. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 77 (1). pp. 92-98. ISSN 0168-8227

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Abstract

To investigate total diabetes bed occupancy and prolonged inpatient length of stay (LOS) in all English Acute Hospitals, we analysed hospital episode statistics (HES) discharge data for all English Acute Hospitals over 4 years for ICD10 discharge codes of E10 (‘insulin-dependent diabetes’) or E11 (‘non-insulin dependent diabetes’) by age-band (18–60, 61–75 and >75 years) and specialties. We matched these data to control discharges without these codes. There were 943,613 diabetes discharges (6,508,668 bed days) and 10,724,414 matched controls. Mean diabetes LOS increased with age for each specialty and both E10 and E11 codes, but excess diabetes LOS decreased with age. Excess diabetes LOS was <1.0 days in most groups and highest (1.2 days) in insulin-dependent surgical patients under 60 years old, where 19.7% of bed days were excess. A similar pattern was seen for 76,570 diabetes inpatients with key cardiac or surgical conditions. Excess bed occupancy due to prolonged mean LOS accounted for 325,033 bed days under general medical and surgical codes. There were 25,525 discharges with diabetic ketoacidosis (126,495 bed days) in these 4 years. Excess diabetes LOS is concentrated in younger age groups. Excess bed occupancy due to prolonged LOS in medical and surgical inpatients is three times greater than bed occupancy due to diabetic ketoacidosis. Strategies to reduce excess diabetes bed occupancy should emphasize reducing inpatient LOS in younger inpatients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Diabetes; Inpatient; Bed occupancy; Length of stay
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Health Sciences (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2009 09:07
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2009 09:07
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2006.10.004
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.diabres.2006.10.004
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/5980

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