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A validation study of the Cardiac Depression Scale (CDS) in a UK population

Birks, Y.F., Roebuck, A. and Thompson, D.R. (2004) A validation study of the Cardiac Depression Scale (CDS) in a UK population. British Journal of Health Psychology, 9 (1). pp. 15-24. ISSN 1359-107X

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This study was designed to validate the Cardiac Depression Scale (CDS) in a UK cardiac population.


A battery of questionnaires (the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36 [SF-36] Health Survey, the Beck Depression Inventory [BDI], the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS] and the Cardiac Depression Scale [CDS]) was mailed to 487 individuals with coronary heart disease (CHD) recruited from cardiac support groups. The process was repeated on a subsample of 80 participants four-six weeks later for the purpose of test-retest analysis.


The response rate from the first administration was 81% and from the test-retest subsample 54%. Factor analysis revealed a one-factor solution with a high internal reliability (Cronbach's = 0.93) and an acceptable test-retest reliability (0.79). Concurrent validation against the SF-36, BDI and HADS demonstrated strong correlations.


The CDS is both a reliable and sensitive instrument for measuring depression in cardiac patients.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Health Sciences (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2009 08:43
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2009 08:43
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/135910704322778696
Status: Published
Publisher: British Psychological Society
Identification Number: 10.1348/135910704322778696
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/5778

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