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Partially oxidised organic compounds in urban aerosol using GCxGC-TOF/MS

Hamilton, J., Webb, P., Lewis, A., Hopkins, J., Smith, S. and Davy, P. (2004) Partially oxidised organic compounds in urban aerosol using GCxGC-TOF/MS. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 4 (5). pp. 1279-1290. ISSN 1680-7316

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Partially oxidised organic compounds associated with PM2.5 aerosol collected in London, England, have been analysed using direct thermal desorption coupled to comprehensive gas chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry (GCXGC-TOF/MS). 5 Over 10 000 individual organic components were isolated from around 10 μg of aerosol material in a single procedure and with no sample pre-treatment. Chemical functionalities observed using this analytical technique ranged from alkanes to poly-oxygenated species. The chemical band structures commonly used in GCXGC for group type identifications overlap for this sample type, and have required mass spectrometry as 10 an additional level of instrument dimensionality. An investigation of oxygenated volatile organic compounds (o-VOC) contained within urban aerosol has been performed and in a typical sample around 130 o-VOCs were identified based on retention behaviour and spectral match. In excess of 100 other oxygenated species were also observed but lack of mass spectral library or pure components prevents positive identification. 15 Many of the carbonyl species observed could be mechanistically linked to gas phase aromatic hydrocarbon oxidation and there is good agreement in terms of speciation between the urban samples analysed here and those degradation products observed in smog chamber experiments of aromatic oxidation. The presence of partially oxidised species such as linear chain aldehydes and ketones and cyclic products such as fu20 ranones suggests that species generated relatively early in the oxidative process may undergo gas to particle partitioning despite their relatively high volatility.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Chemistry (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2009 15:20
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2009 15:20
Published Version: http://www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/4/1393/2004...
Status: Published
Publisher: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/5688

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