Norman, P (1999) Putting Iterative Proportional Fitting on the researcher’s desk. School of Geography, University of Leeds.
‘Iterative Proportional Fitting’ (IPF) is a mathematical procedure originally developed to combine the information from two or more datasets. IPF is a well-established technique with the theoretical and practical considerations behind the method thoroughly explored and reported. In this paper the theory of IPF is investigated with a mathematical definition of the procedure and a review of the relevant literature given. So that IPF can be readily accessible to researchers the procedure has been automated in Visual Basic and a description of the program and a ‘User Guide’ are provided. IPF is employed in various disciplines but has been particularly useful in census-related analysis to provide updated population statistics and to estimate individual-level attribute characteristics. To illustrate the practical application of IPF various case studies are described. In the future, demand for individual-level data is thought likely to increase and it is believed that the IPF procedure and Visual Basic program have the potential to facilitate research in geography and other disciplines.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||Copyright of the School of Geography, University Of Leeds|
|Keywords:||Population Estimates; Interative Proportional Fitting; Census; IPF|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > School of Geography (Leeds) > Centre for Spatial Analysis & Policy (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Mr CIC Carson|
|Date Deposited:||22 Dec 2008 12:29|
|Last Modified:||07 Jul 2016 15:13|
|Publisher:||School of Geography|
|Identification Number:||School of Geography Working Paper 99/03|