Lessels, S. and Ruddle, R.A. (2006) Three levels of metric for evaluating wayfinding. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 15 (6). pp. 637-654. ISSN 1531-3263
Three levels of virtual environment (VE) metric are proposed, based on: (1) users’ task performance (time taken, distance traveled and number of errors made), (2) physical behavior (locomotion, looking around, and time and error classification), and (3) decision making (i.e., cognitive) rationale (think aloud, interview and questionnaire). Examples of the use of these metrics are drawn from a detailed review of research into VE wayfinding. A case study from research into the fidelity that is required for efficient VE wayfinding is presented, showing the unsuitability in some circumstances of common metrics of task performance such as time and distance, and the benefits to be gained by making fine-grained analyses of users’ behavior. Taken as a whole, the article highlights the range of techniques that have been successfully used to evaluate wayfinding and explains in detail how some of these techniques may be applied.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||Copyright © 2006 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Presence : Teleoperators and Virtual Environments. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Computing (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Mrs Yasmin Aziz|
|Date Deposited:||01 Dec 2008 15:58|
|Last Modified:||08 Feb 2013 17:05|