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Thermal acclimation of leaf and root respiration: an investigation comparing inherently fast- and slow-growing plant species

Loveys, B R, Atkinson, L J, Sherlock, D J, Roberts, R L, Fitter, A H and Atkin, O K (2003) Thermal acclimation of leaf and root respiration: an investigation comparing inherently fast- and slow-growing plant species. Global Change Biology. pp. 895-910. ISSN 1354-1013

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Abstract

We investigated the extent to which leaf and root respiration W differ in their response to short- and long-term changes in temperature in several contrasting plant species (herbs, grasses, shrubs and trees) that differ in inherent relative growth rate (RGR, increase in mass per unit starting mass and time). Two experiments were conducted using hydroponically grown plants. In the long-term (LT) acclimation experiment, 16 species were grown at constant 18,23 and 28degreesC. In the short-term (ST) acclimation experiment, 9 of those species were grown at 25/20degreesC (day/night) and then shifted to a 15/10degreesC for 7 days. Short-term Q(10) values (proportional change in R per 10degreesC) and the degree of acclimation to. longer-term changes in temperature were compared. The effect of growth temperature on root and leaf soluble sugar and nitrogen concentrations was examined. Light-saturated photosynthesis (A(sat)) was also measured in the LT acclimation experiment. Our results show that Q(10) values and the degree of acclimation are highly variable amongst species and that roots exhibit lower Q(10) values than leaves over the 15-25degreesC measurement temperature range. Differences in RGR or concentrations of soluble sugars/nitrogen could not account for the inter-specific differences in the Q(10) or degree of acclimation. There were no systematic differences in the ability of roots and leaves to acclimate when plants developed under contrasting temperatures (LT acclimation). However, acclimation was greater in both leaves and roots that developed at the growth temperature (LT acclimation) than in pre-existing leaves and roots shifted from one temperature to another (ST acclimation). The balance between leaf R and A(sat) was maintained in plants grown at different temperatures, regardless of their inherent relative growth rate. We conclude that there is tight coupling between the respiratory acclimation and the temperature under which leaves and roots developed and that acclimation plays an important role in determining the relationship between respiration and photosynthesis.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2003 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. This is an electronic version of an article published in Global Change Biology: complete citation information for the final version of the paper, as published in the print edition of Global Change Biology, is available on the Blackwell Synergy online delivery service, accessible via the journal's website at www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=1354-1013 or www.blackwell-synergy.com
Keywords: acclimation, photosynthesis, Q(10), relative growth rate, respiration, soluble sugars, temperature, RELATIVE GROWTH-RATE, DARK RESPIRATION, PHOTOSYNTHETIC CAPACITY, TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE, POPULUS-DELTOIDES, CO2 CONCENTRATION, SOIL RESPIRATION, ALPINE PLANTS, SHORT-TERM, LONG-TERM
Academic Units: The University of York > Biology (York)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 25 May 2005
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2013 14:29
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00611.x
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/493

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