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Effects of locality based community hospital care on independence in older people needing rehabilitation: randomised controlled trial

Green, J., Young, J., Forster, A., Mallinder, K., Bogle, S., Lowson, K. and Small, N. (2005) Effects of locality based community hospital care on independence in older people needing rehabilitation: randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 331 (7512). pp. 317-320. ISSN 0959-8146

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the effects on independence in older people needing rehabilitation in a locality based community hospital compared with care on a ward for elderly people in a district general hospital.

Design: Randomised controlled trial.

Setting: Care in a community hospital and district general hospital in Bradford, England.

Participants: 220 patients needing rehabilitation after an acute illness that required hospital admission.

Interventions: Patients were randomly allocated to a locality based community hospital or to remain within a department for the care of elderly people in a district general hospital.

Main outcome measures: Primary outcomes were Nottingham extended activities of daily living scale and general health questionnaire 28 (carer). Secondary outcomes were activities of daily living (Barthel index), Nottingham health profile, hospital anxiety and depression scale, mortality, destination after discharge, satisfaction with services, carer strain index, and carer's satisfaction with services.

Results: The median length of stay was 15 days for both the community hospital and the district general hospital groups (interquartile range: community hospital 9-25 days; district general hospital 9-24 days). Independence at six months was greater in the community hospital group (adjusted mean difference 5.30, 95% confidence interval 0.64 to 9.96). Results for the secondary outcome measures, including care satisfaction and measures of carer burden, were similar for both groups.

Conclusions: Care in a locality based community hospital is associated with greater independence for older people than care in wards for elderly people in a district general hospital.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > York Health Economics Consortium (York)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2008 10:20
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2008 10:20
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.38498.387569.8F
Status: Published
Publisher: BMJ Publishing
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1136/bmj.38498.387569.8F
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/4841

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