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A cost effectiveness analysis within a randomised controlled trial of post-acute care of older people in a community hospital

O'Reilly, J., Lowson, K., Young, J., Forster, A., Green, J. and Small, N. (2006) A cost effectiveness analysis within a randomised controlled trial of post-acute care of older people in a community hospital. BMJ, 333 (7561). pp. 228-231. ISSN 0959-8146

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the cost effectiveness of post-acute care for older people in a locality based community hospital compared with a department for care of elderly people in a district general hospital, which admits patients aged over 76 years with acute medical conditions.

Design: Cost effectiveness analysis within a randomised controlled trial.

Setting Community hospital and district general hospital in Yorkshire, England.

Participants: 220 patients needing rehabilitation after an acute illness for which they required admission to hospital. Interventions Multidisciplinary care in the district general hospital or prompt transfer to the community hospital. Main outcome measures EuroQol EQ-5D scores transformed into quality adjusted life years (QALYs), and health and social service costs over six months from randomisation.

Results The mean QALY score for the community hospital group was marginally non-significantly higher than that for the district general hospital group (0.38 v 0.35) at six months after recruitment. The mean (standard deviation) costs per patient of the health and social services resources used were similar for both groups: community hospital group 7233 pound (E10 567; $13 341) (5031) pound, district general hospital group 7351 pound (6229) pound, and these findings were robust to several sensitivity analyses. The incremental cost effectiveness ratio for community hospital care dominated. A cost effectiveness acceptability curve, based on bootstrapped simulations, suggests that at a willingness to pay threshold of 10 pound 000 per QALY, 51% of community hospital cases will be cost effective, which rises to 53% of cases when the threshold is 30 pound 000 per QALY.

Conclusion: Post-acute care for older people in a locality based community hospital is of similar cost effectiveness to that of an elderly care department in a district general hospital.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > York Health Economics Consortium (York)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2008 17:35
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2008 17:35
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.38887.558576.7C
Status: Published
Publisher: BMJ Publishing
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1136/bmj.38887.558576.7C
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/4837

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