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Impact of case management (Evercare) on frail elderly patients: controlled before and after analysis of quantitative outcome data

Gravelle, H., Dusheiko, M., Sheaff, R., Sargent, P., Boaden, R., Pickard, S., Parker, S. and Roland, M. (2007) Impact of case management (Evercare) on frail elderly patients: controlled before and after analysis of quantitative outcome data. BMJ, 334 (7583). pp. 31-34. ISSN 0959-8146

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Abstract

Objectives: To determine the impact on outcomes in patients of the Evercare approach to case management of elderly people.

Design: Practice level before and after analysis of hospital admissions data with control group.

Setting: Nine primary care trusts in England that, in 2003-5, piloted case management of elderly people selected as being at high risk of emergency admission.

Main outcome measures: Rates of emergency admission, emergency bed days, and mortality from April 2001 to March 2005 in 62 Evercare practices and 6960-7695 control practices in England (depending on the analysis being carried out).

Results: The intervention had no significant effect on rates of emergency admission (increase 16.5%, (95% confidence interval –5.7% to 38.7%), emergency bed days (increase 19.0%, –5.3% to 43.2%), and mortality (increase 34.4%, –1.7% to 70.3%) for a high risk population aged >65 with a history of two or more emergency admissions in the preceding 13 months. For the general population aged 65 effects on the rates of emergency admission (increase 2.5%, –2.1% to 7.0%), emergency bed days (decrease –4.9%, –10.8% to 1.0%), and mortality (increase 5.5%, –3.5% to 14.5%) were also non-significant.

Conclusions: Case management of frail elderly people introduced an additional range of services into primary care without an associated reduction in hospital admissions. This may have been because of identification of additional cases. Employment of community matrons is now a key feature of case management policy in the NHS in England. Without more radical system redesign this policy is unlikely to reduce hospital admissions.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York, The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of York > Centre for Health Economics (York)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Medicine (Sheffield) > Clinical Sciences Division North (Sheffield) > Sheffield Institute for Studies on Ageing
The University of Sheffield > University of Sheffield Research Centres and Institutes > Sheffield Institute for Studies on Ageing
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2008 13:03
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2008 13:03
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39020.413310.55
Status: Published
Publisher: BMJ Publishing
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1136/bmj.39020.413310.55
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/4820

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