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Sustainable Concrete for the 21st Century Concept of Strength through Durability

Swamy, R.N. (2008) Sustainable Concrete for the 21st Century Concept of Strength through Durability. Japan Society of Civil Engineers Concrete Committee Newsletter, 13.

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The world is passing through difficult and troubled times, and we live in a rapidly changing world. The construction industry is facing many challenges – global warming, climate change forces, and the capability to achieve sustainable development and economic progress without damaging our environment. The concrete industry in particular faces further challenges. There is extensive evidence to show that concrete materials and concrete structures all over the world are deteriorating at a rapid rate, and that we are unable to ensure their long-term durable service life performance. To confound this situation, we are also faced with an urgent need to regenerate our infrastructure systems if we are to eradicate poverty and provide a decent Quality of Life for all the peoples of the world. This paper shows that the current emphasis on high strength and very high strength, and the design philosophy of Durability through Strength for concrete materials and concrete structures is fundamentally flawed. It is this misleading concept and vision that is primarily responsible for the lack of durable performance of concrete in real life environments. To change this scenario, this paper advocates that concrete materials must be manufactured for durability and not for strength. It is shown that this concept of Strength through Durability can be achieved through careful design of the cement matrix and its microstructure. If concrete is to be an eco-friendly, and sustainable driving force and construction material for social change, the need is to produce durable concrete with strengths of 30 to 60 to 80 MPa rather than very high strength concrete without an assured durable performance.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Department of Mechanical Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2008 11:42
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:56
Published Version: http://www.jsce.or.jp/committee/concrete/e/newslet...
Status: Published
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/4617

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