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Increase in efficiency and reduction in Ca2+ dependence of exocytosis during development of mouse inner hair cells

Johnson, S.L., Marcotti, W. and Kros, C.J. (2005) Increase in efficiency and reduction in Ca2+ dependence of exocytosis during development of mouse inner hair cells. The Journal of Physiology, 563 (1). pp. 177-191. ISSN 0022-3751

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Developmental changes in the coupling between Ca2+ entry and exocytosis were studied in mouse inner hair cells (IHCs) which, together with the afferent endings, form the primary synapse of the mammalian auditory system. Ca2+ currents (ICa) and changes in membrane capacitance ({Delta}Cm) were recorded using whole-cell voltage clamp from cells maintained at body temperature, using physiological (1.3 mM) extracellular Ca2+. The magnitudes of both ICa and {Delta}Cm increased with maturation from embryonic stages until postnatal day 6 (P6). Subsequently, ICa gradually declined to a steady level of about –100 pA from P13 while the Ca2+-induced {Delta}Cm remained relatively constant, indicating a developmental increase in the Ca2+ efficiency of exocytosis. Although the size of ICa changed during development, its activation properties did not, suggesting the presence of a homogeneous population of Ca2+ channels in IHCs throughout development. The Ca2+ dependence of exocytosis changed with maturation from a fourth power relation in immature cells to an approximately linear relation in mature cells. This change applies to the release of both a readily releasable pool (RRP) and a slower secondary pool of vesicles, implying a common release mechanism for these two kinetically distinct pools that becomes modified during development. The increased Ca2+ efficiency and linear Ca2+ dependence of mature IHC exocytosis, especially over the physiological range of intracellular Ca2+, could improve the high-fidelity transmission of both brief and long-lasting stimulation. These properties make the mature cell ideally suited for fine intensity discrimination over a wide dynamic range.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Freely available from the publisher web site.
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Biological Sciences (Sheffield) > Department of Biomedical Science (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Ms Suzannah Rockett
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2008 15:28
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2008 15:28
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2004.074740
Status: Published
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1113/jphysiol.2004.074740
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/4612

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