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Biophysical properties of CaV1.3 calcium channels in gerbil inner hair cells

Johnson, S.L. and Marcotti, W. (2008) Biophysical properties of CaV1.3 calcium channels in gerbil inner hair cells. Journal of Physiology, 586 (4). pp. 1029-1042. ISSN 1469-7793

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Abstract

The Ca2+ current (ICa) in prehearing and adult inner hair cells (IHCs), the primary sensory receptors of the mammalian cochlea, is mainly carried by L-type (CaV1.3) Ca2+ channels. ICa in immature and adult IHCs triggers the release of neurotransmitter onto auditory afferent fibres in response to spontaneous action potentials (APs) or graded receptor potentials, respectively.We have investigatedwhether the biophysical properties of ICa vary between low-and high-frequency IHCs during cochlear development andwhether its inactivation influences cellular responses. ICa was recorded from gerbil IHCs maintained near physiological recording conditions. The size of ICa in adult IHCs was about a third of that in immature cellswith no apparent difference along the cochlea at both stages. The activation kinetics of ICa were significantly faster in high-frequency IHCs,with that of adult cells beingmore rapid than immature cells. The degree of ICa inactivation was similar along the immature cochlea but larger in high- than low-frequency adult IHCs. This inactivation was greatly reduced with barium but not affected by changing the intracellular buffer (BAPTA instead of EGTA). Immature basal IHCs showed faster recovery of ICa from inactivation than apical cells allowing them to support a higher AP frequency. ICa in adult IHCs was more resistant to progressive inactivation following repeated voltage stimulation than that of immature cells. This suggests that adult IHCs are likely to be suited for sustaining rapid and repeated release of synaptic vesicles, which is essential for sound encoding.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Freely available from the publisher web site.
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Biological Sciences (Sheffield) > Department of Biomedical Science (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Ms Suzannah Rockett
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2008 18:27
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2008 18:27
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2007.145219
Status: Published
Publisher: Wiley
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.145219
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/4467

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