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Alveolar macrophage apoptosis contributes to pneumococcal clearance in a resolving model of pulmonary infection

Dockrell, D. H., Marriott, H. M., Prince, L. R., Ridger, V. C., Ince, P. G., Hellewell, P. G. and Whyte, M. K. B. (2003) Alveolar macrophage apoptosis contributes to pneumococcal clearance in a resolving model of pulmonary infection. The Journal of Immunology, 171 (10). pp. 5380-5388. ISSN 0022-1767

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The role of alveolar macrophages (AM) in host defense against pulmonary infection has been difficult to establish using in vivo models. This may reflect a reliance on models of fulminant infection. To establish a unique model of resolving infection, with which to address the function of AM, C57BL/6 mice received low-dose intratracheal administration of pneumococci. Administration of low doses of pneumococci produced a resolving model of pulmonary infection characterized by clearance of bacteria without features of pneumonia. AM depletion in this model significantly increased bacterial outgrowth in the lung. Interestingly, a significant increase in the number of apoptotic AM was noted with the low-dose infection as compared with mock infection. Caspase inhibition in this model decreased AM apoptosis and increased the number of bacteremic mice, indicating a novel role for caspase activation in pulmonary innate defense against pneumococci. These results suggest that AM play a key role in clearance of bacteria from the lung during subclinical infection and that induction of AM apoptosis contributes to the microbiologic host defense against pneumococci.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Medicine (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Miss Anthea Tucker
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2012 09:46
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2012 09:46
Published Version: http://www.jimmunol.org/content/171/10/5380.long
Status: Published
Publisher: American Association of Immunologists
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/43817

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